Do you know that every year in the world, 31,500,000 people develop sepsis disease and 5,5-8 million people who have sepsis lose their lives? Sepsis disease is a kind of complication that can lead to tissue damage, organ failure, and death resulting from an extreme and life-threatening reaction of the body to any infection in the body.
It is known that sepsis is most often caused by pneumonia, urinary tract, abdomen, skin and intestinal infections. Health specialists believe that individuals with a weak immune system, those who are 65 years of age, those who are under 1 year of age, those with chronic diseases, those with diabetes, AIDS, cancer, kidney or liver disease, severe burns and physical trauma have a higher risk of having sepsis.
Since sepsis occurs as a result of an infectious disease, it is primarily caused by infection-related symptoms, such as cough, sputum production, diarrhea, vomiting, sore throat, as well as tremors, fever or reduced body heat, discomfort or pain, damp or sweaty skin, distress, increased heart rate, and no urine output.
It is thought that 5.5 to 8 million of the patients who develop sepsis every year lose their lives. Every year in the USA, 1 million 670 thousand people have sepsis and 258 of these patients lose their lives. In England there are about 150-260 thousand sepsis cases seen every year. Sepsis disease is seen in more people than sum of the patients with lung cancer, prostate cancer, breast cancer and AIDS.
Health specialists point out that awareness of health personnel and the public is of great importance in the fight against Sepsis. Sepsis definition and treatment principles were changed due to new scientific findings in December 2016.
The awareness of the public and the health personnel is crucial for the diagnosis and treatment to be carried out without delay and thus the frequency of sepsis and the reduction of deaths due to sepsis. Namely, it is very important for the press and governments to take the agenda and keep it on the agenda.
Sepsis is listed on the list of important diseases. September 13 World Sepsis Day activities should be supported more and more continuously in all member states. Health workers must be trained about sepsis disease. Prevention of sepsis, diagnosis and treatment should be an important part of the health systems of all states.
Programs for the prevention and control of infections should be established in all countries. The increase in antibiotic resistance must be prevented and even reduced. In order to realize this purpose, the use of antibiotics should be provided in accordance with the WHO global action plan. Follow-up and reporting of sepsis cases should be improved.
The President of the World Health Organization is going to prepare a report about sepsis and its global results until the end of 2018. Member countries of WHO must support them adequately.